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Ferro Alloys Association

Welcome to the The Indian Ferro Alloy Producers' Association (IFAPA) website which promotes and protects the interests, common to the Ferro Alloy Industry.




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Indian Ferro Alloys

The Indian Ferro Alloy Producers' Association (IFAPA) representing manufacturers of Ferro Alloys - Manganese Alloys (HC, MC and LC Ferro Manganese and Silico Manganese), Ferro Silicon, Chrome Alloys (HC,MC & LC Ferro Chrome, Silico Chrome and Charge Chrome), Noble Ferro Alloys (Ferro Molybdenum, Ferro Vanadium, Ferro Tungsten, Ferro Silicon Magnesium, Ferro Boron, Ferro Titanium, Ferro Aluminium, Ferro Silico Zirconium, Ferro Nickel Magnesium) etc.

About Us

TThe Indian Ferro Alloy Producers’ Association (IFAPA) is an apex body representing manufacturers of Bulk and Noble Ferro Alloys in the country. The Ferro Alloys Industry was established during the second five year plan as an ancillary industry to cater to the growing needs of the domestic Steel Industry. This Association of Ferro Alloy Producers was established in the year 1961 to look after the interests of its Members.

Initially, it started with five Members with Sir A. Ramaswami Mudaliar as the Founder Chairman. The Membership has now grown to 88 Members, covering all the major Ferro Alloy Producers, having Electric Arc Furnace Smelting Process and Noble Ferro Alloy Producers using Alumino Thermic Process.

The Industry’s present capacity is around 5.15 Million Tonnes. The products covered are: Manganese Alloys (HC, MC and LC Ferro Manganese and Silico Manganese), Ferro Silicon, Chrome Alloys (HC,MC & LC Ferro Chrome, Silico Chrome and Charge Chrome), Noble Ferro Alloys (Ferro Molybdenum, Ferro Vanadium, Ferro Tungsten, Ferro Silicon Magnesium, Ferro Boron, Ferro Titanium, etc.

Thus, the Ferro Alloys Industry, considered to be a vital industry, needs to be encouraged. It is envisaged by our planners that the Industry should produce larger quantities of basic alloys, which are required for the growth of the Steel Industry at home and also to cater to the international market.


  • Dandeli Ferro Pvt. Ltd. (Dandeli Steel & Ferro Alloys Ltd.)

  • Ferro Alloys Corporation Ltd.

  • Nagpur Power & Industries Ltd. (Khandelwal Ferro Alloys Ltd.)

  • Tata Iron & Steel Co. Ltd.

  • Universal Ferro & Allied Chemicals Ltd.


  • Transformer capacity was around 600MVA prior to liberalisation. 
  • Approximate Capacity addition till date is 2300 MVA. At present, the total capacity has crossed 2900 MVA, with a total output of 5.15 million tonnes approximately. 

    The Industry structure (By capacity) represents as follows:

    Capacity Million Tonnes (MT)
    Manganese Alloys  3.16
    Chromium Alloys 1.69
    Ferro Silicon 0.25
    Noble Alloys 0.05




    > During liberalization in 1991-92, the Industry achieved a production of 0.72 Million Tonnes. The production of Ferro Alloys in 2010-11 was around 2.90 million tonnes.

    > 30-40  % of the production is exported. Exports of Ferro Alloys in 1991-92 were 124,934 Tonnes, valued at Rs  2355 Million. In 2010-11, Exports of Ferro Alloys touched a high of 2,240,345 tonnes earning valuable foreign
       exchange of Rs 133,915 million.

    > In 1993-94 Imports of Ferro Alloys were at 4,291Tonnes, which has increased to  218,401 Tonnes in 2010-11. The value of Imports is Rs 20,337 Million

    > India is established as a regular exporter of Silico Manganese and HC Ferro Chrome, with major exports into countries like Bangladesh, Europe, Germany, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Pakistan, Srilanka, UAE, USA, etc.

    > Industry has highly qualified man power, latest equipments and technologies, which have given recognition and position in the international market.

    > Quality-wise rated one of the best in the world.

    > Electricity cost accounts over 40 % to 70 % of total cost of production, depending on the Ferro Alloys produced

    > Need power at generation cost plus reasonable wheeling charges so that it can increase its exports and earn substantial foreign exchange for the country.

    > Need a level playing field by supplying power at international comparable tariff i.e., at US 1 to 3 cents/KWH.


The Association has been promoting, protecting the interests common to the Ferro Alloy producing community, specially with regard to level playing field of the Industry; developing co-operation and synergy among Ferro Alloy Producers in India, maintaining uniformity in the rules and regulations and usages of the Industry; making representations to the Union Government or any State Government or Government of any foreign country to remove the difficulties of the Member-Producers; taking steps for promoting and supporting the economic interest of the Industry and those engaged in the Industry etc.; collection of statistical information, database and other information relating to the Industry; representations to the Chambers of Commerce Mercantile Associations and other Public Bodies in India or outside India, and adopt measures for the advancement of the Industry.

The Association started an Eastern Regional Chapter in Kolkata, in March 2003 and the Central Regional Chapter in October 2007, to look after the local issues of the Member-Producers in Durgapur /West Bengal and Chhattisgarh respectively.

Major Contribution of IFAPA

  • Distributed SAIL tender to Members, according to the capacities.

  • Exports Increased.

  • Cash assistance on Exports.

  • Duty drawback on Carbon Electrode Paste on exports of ferro alloys.

  • Input/Output norms fixed.

  • DEPB rates were fixed.

  • Maintained Import Customs Duty at 105 % until 1991-92.

  • Maintained Customs Duty at 20 % - 25 % for four years. However, the same has been reduced by Government to 5 % in 2007.

  • Active role in Export Policy of Manganese/Chrome Ores.

  • Active role in Five Year Plans for Steel and Ferro Alloys.

  • Active role in yearly Budgets.

  • Getting NTPC power for exports from 1994-95.

  • Helping Members in fixing Bulk power tariff in certain States.

  • Helping Members in getting their Power incentive dues from West Bengal Government.

  • Imposing/Implementing Anti-dumping Duty on LC Ferro Chrome/Ferro Silicon.

  • Removing Anti-dumping Duty on Chinese Metcoke and reducing Customs Duty on Metcoke.

  • Removing 4 % SAD on Ferro Molybdenum.

  • Reducing the Import Customs Duty on Vanadium Pentoxide and Ammonium Metavanadate from 7.5 % to 2.5 %.

  • Ferro Manganese, Silico Manganese added under Focus Product Scheme and Special Focus Product Scheme and Ferro Chrome under Focus Product Scheme.

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